The purpose of this thesis is to examine the private school of Yeonak, the meeting to compose poetry of Yeonak, and the Nine rolling Valley of Yeonak in Sangju. The contents are summarized as follows.
In 1552, Yeongcheon Shinjam was appointed as the pastor of Sangju and built 18 village schools, including Jicheon village school. When this village school was burnt down during the Japanese Invasion. In 1702 this private school was built in honor of the local Confucian scholars and enshrined their mortuary tablets. This private school is the Yeonak private school.
This is a collection of poems left by 15 scholars at the meeting to compose poetry in Yeonak for 5 days and 4 nights from May 25, 1622.
This book is the first joint poetry collection from Sangsan. From the middle of the 16th century to the first half of the 17th century, the scholars of Sangju held a literary meeting, greatly promoting the culture of Sangju at the time.
The Nine rolling Valley of Yeonak is a a grove of nine rolling valley that was established and managed in Jicheon-dong, Sangju-si by Namgye Kang Eung-cheol (1562-1635). It can be concluded that the period when the name the Nine rolling Valley of Yeonak was given was from 1598 to 1608.
T he p oems a bout the nine rolling Valley of Yeonak directly and indirectly reveal that they combine their academics and customs with the beautiful scenery of nature. I thought that scholars who studied did not only study, but also enjoyed nature while perfecting it. The Nine rolling Valley of Yeonak was located where Yeonak private school was located, so it was very suitable for both.
Since the middle of the 16th century, many scholars who combine both studies and literature have been produced around this place, Cheongri, Sangju, and Jicheon. From the 16th century, studies and literature developed around this area can be found for the following reasons. Firstly, at this time, there was a great management of the village in this area and a lot of talented people were produced. Secondly, it w as t he c enter of l earning at t hat time. T hirdly, it w as a h istorical place. Fourthly, this place is an important transportation hub. For these reasons, from the 16th century, talented people were produced centered on this Yeonak, and scholarship and literature were inevitably developed.