This thesis attempts to examine the core thought of the philosophy of Mozi, which received sympathy from the people along with Confucianism, during the age of Warring States period of the 5th to 3rd centuries B.C.
Each Scholars argue differently about what the core thought of Mozi philosophy is. In general, Mencius accepts 'Mozi is Gyeom-ae (兼爱)' which is what Mencius said while criticizing the philosophy of Mozi, and insists that the central thought of the philosophy of Mozi is Gyeom-ae (兼愛).
However, in this thesis, I would like to emphasize that the core of the Mozi philosophy is 'Uy(義)' derived from ‘Heaven's will(天志)’.
And then. Through Mozi's by side 'Heaven's will(天志)･legal way(法儀)･ valuable Uy(貴義), Gyeom-ae(兼愛)', I want to find the source of the thought that Mozi centered on. Mozi is looking from heaven(天)for the source of the direction in which the most persecuted people in the turbid world should live, called the age of Warring States period.
'What heaven(天) wants is a righteous world where people live and help each other equally.' and at the same time, he said. it is called 'nothing else on earth is more precious than the righteousness' and Among them 'the Uy(義)' is the most valuable value. It is emphasized that people should use 'the Uy(義)' as the standard of value in life and continue to do a righteous acts. If scholars act righteously, they contribute to society by leaving much more profit than the merchants in the face of difficulties.
As such, people insist on serving the will of heaven, 'The Uy(義)', and practicing the spirit of 'serving' and 'sharing' to share with the world.
In Mozi, ' The Uy(義)' is a dual concept, meaning 'the right thing(正)' and 'correcting(政)' in side 'legal way(法儀)'.
In other words, 'Uy(義)' has a dual meaning, which means moral role as 'right thing(正)' and political role as 'correcting(政)' and it is said that it has both the moral concept of right and the concept of punishment to be observed.
It is in the same context as the doctrine of Gyeom-ae(兼愛) that the Uy(義) of Mozi is the spirit of "serving" and "sharing." The Doctrine of Gyeom-ae(兼愛) in Mozi’s is a means and a way to a righteous society.
In the end, Mozi's doctrine of Gyeom-ae(兼愛) is a shortcut to practicing righteousness and a way out of a difficult environment for people's lives.
Gyeom-ae(兼愛) is a very important concept in the philosophy of Mozi, but it is a means to practice the Uy(義). Conclusionally, I will say that the core of Mozi's philosophy is ‘‘Heaven’s Will(天志) is the Uy(義).’