This study investigated and analyzed the expletives, buzz-words, and teenage slangs in adolescents’ spoken language, providing specific lists and frequencies of expletives, buzz-words, and teenage slangs and their usage patterns according to school level and gender. The results are as follows:
Firstly, the adolescents use of expletives was examined. They used adverbs of degree and exclamations with a vulgar feel such as “존나, 씨발, 개-, and 처-” a lot. Most of the virotous expletives had to do with sex, and the frequency of those words increased with school level. The girls were not much different from the boys in the use of sex-related expletives.
Secondly, the adolescents also used a lot of adverbs of degree and exclamations such as “완전, 개-, 헐, and 대박” in the domain of buzz-words, and the majority of them came into fashion with the extended usage context of communication language. Of its subcategories, the buzz-words that originated in everyday language recorded the highest frequency, with differences in preferred buzz-words between the girls and boys.
Finally, adolescents used teenage slangs related to sex, a peer group, and game in high frequency. They spelled teenage slangs either by picking up initial consonant or employing English alphabets for the sake of secrecy. Differences were found in teenage slangs usage according to school level: while the elementary school students used game teenage slangs a lot, the middle and high schoolers used a great deal of delinquency, sex, and violence teenage slangs. Teenage slangs related to body parts or sex acts were used by boys more than girls.
The study collected and analyzed adolescent conversations and offered empirical and concrete data about their language uses, thus making a future contribution to the establishment of language policies and educational plans for adolescents.
The follow-up study of the study, which analyzed adolescents’ expletives, buzz-words and teenage slangs from the perspective of content, should approach the topic from the perspective of morphology, syntax, and expression. In addition, it needs to conduct in-depth analysis of the contexts in which expletives, buzz-words, and teenage slangs are used.