The view that modern literature in Gongju starting after the liberation in 1945 has been the commonly accepted. There is a plenty of room for doubt that this accepted theory is available. However we couldn’t deny the theory because we had not discovered an supporting materials. We cannot accept these view from a common standpoint of view. This is inconsistent with the fact. Because a piece of evidence, that is, the fact that a monthly literary magazine called 『Baekwoong 』came out in 1928 in Gongju was recovered.
The existence of this magazine became generally known long before. But recently we found the first issue of this magazine at the library of Yeonse University and ascertained the existence of it.
As a result of investigation into the contents and values of the works which are included in this magazine with details of publication, 『Baekwoong』 has made a significant contribution to the history of Korean literature. It is as follows.
First, It advanced the beginning of Gongju’s modern literature, and at the same time this magazine had a huge literary significance because Chungnam’s modern literature started with it. Second, this magazine had published with the active support of influential figures in Gongju. In this respect, 『Baekwoong』 is different in character from the other coterie literary magazines and literary magazines of that day. It is a unique product of Gongju’s cultural activities. Third, It has to be appraised highly because it has significance for modern literary history. First of all, 『Baekwoong』 shows as having a pretty even age and region distribution among its writing staff. And there has been a high level of literary value of this magazine’s works.
『Baekwoong』 can find its meaning in playing an important part on the literary history of Korea as a small town’s literary magazine. Because it was a general literary magazine which was issued once a month and it was a nationwide publication on a high level. This study hopes that Baekwoong receives universal recognition according to its significance and value in Korean literary world.