This study aimed to provide basic humanistic data for clothing education by shedding light on
the origins and historical development of clothing. The study’s content encompassed the evolution of
mankind, the origin of clothing, and the development of clothing during the Paleolithic Age. The
study was conducted in the form of a literature review.
The study revealed several key findings. First, the evolutionary processes of Hospitalophithecus,
Homo habilis, Homo erectus, and Homo sapiens were characterized by constitutions such as 'bipedal
locomotion (upright walking),’ 'enhanced manual dexterity and tool-making abilities,’ ‘expansion of
brain capacity', and the 'reduction of body hair'. Enemy Evolution and 'Move Out of Africa'. This
progression ultimately led to the emergence of Homo erectus, the first archaic hominid to move out
of Africa with all the hallmarks of physical evolution. Subsequently, more advanced Neanderthals
and, later, Homo sapiens arrived in Europe about 50,000 years ago. Homo sapiens exhibited modern
human attributes, including high cognitive functions and the sophisticated development of the body
Second, considering the constitutional characteristics of human evolution, the migration of early
humans from Africa to colder regions, and the loss of body hair, it is estimated that the earliest
forms of clothing were worn by Homo erectus between 1.8 million and 1 million years ago.
Third, the evolution of clothing during the Paleolithic period saw the development of fur waist
covers by Homo erectus, followed by the adoption of sloppy fur pants and tops by Neanderthal.
Homo sapiens, characterized by their cognitive prowess, advanced clothing by tailoring clothes using
needles. In the Late Paleolithic period, marked by cultural characteristics, clothing evolved to
include not only the weaving of cellulose fibers and the basic structural elements seen in
contemporary clothing, but it also reached a level of sophistication with neat and elaborate