In 2017, China confirmed the nationalized history textbooks, and the history curriculum was divided into three stages: mandatory, selective, and optional subjects. The nationalized history textbook Zhong wai Li Shi Gang Yao(『中外歷史綱要』, The Outline of Chinese and Foreign History) is planned to be used as the only history textbook in general high schools across China from 2022. This study paid attention to history education among the causes of the historical conflict between Korea and China, and considered the background, influence, and problems of the appearance of Gang Yao.
The fact that Gang Yao appeared in a situation where the U.S.-China hegemony competition accelerated and became more isolated internationally suggests many points. In order to overcome this situation, China has put a lot of effort into strengthening patriotism education, and through this, it is promoting internal unity. In this situation, the Gang Yao that appeared includes such political intentions in China.
China's political intentions are strongly projected, and Gang Yao has several problems such as a narrative method based on materialistic views, a lecture on the theory of a unified multi-ethnic state, and a historical narrative centered on the country. Considering that all general high school students across the country will be educated through this in the future, our position should be actively expressed. It is necessary to observe and analyze the contents related to us in more detail in China's history textbooks, and to continuously present opinions and coordinate the contents through active exchange and communication between Korea and China.