The Ottoman Empire was founded by Osman Gazi (1281-1326) in the northwestern coast of Anatolia. After that, Orhan Gazi (1326-1360), Süleyman Pasha expanded to the Rumeli area and set the stage for development. When the Ottomans entered the Rumelia, countries in Europe formed a crusade against them. Murad I(1360-1389) eliminated the European threat by winning the European Crusade in 1389 in the Battle of Kosovo. In the Battle of
Kosovo, Murat I died and Bayezid I (1389-1402) was crowned the Ottoman sultan.
As evidenced by the nickname of Yıldırım , he has extended the territory of the Ottoman Empire to a devastating conquest war. The Ottomans took remote governance when ruling the occupied territories. Instead of acknowledging the powers of the occupied territories, they wanted to pay taxes, and in the case of military expeditions, they had to raise armies and armaments. However, Bayezid transforms the occupied territories into direct rulership.
When he conquered the conquest territories he completely excluded the rulership of the leaders and distributed the conquest territories to his traitors and sons. Then, in his own name, he read Hutbe and forced to cast coins. This change shows that Bayezid attempted to change as a leader of an empire, not an ally of the Anatolia Alliance.
This change in the centralized political structure led to opposition from the leaders of the Anatolian beylikleri, who resisted or escaped the domination of the Ottomans.
The territory of the Bayezid time was expanded and confronted Timur Empire of Timur with the eastern Anatolia area. The disruption caused by the collapse of the Eratnaogulları in the eastern Anatolia region was enough to attract the attention of the leaders of he two empires. Bayezid took possession of Sivas, and Timur also entered eastern Anatolia region. The two leaders sent letters to each other, blamed each other, and asked each other to blame for the
war. Bayezid denounced Timur as an old dog , an unbeliever, and a pagan, and Timur also condemned Bayezid as an unbeliever, pagan, and a mean leader.
The two leaders will battle Ankara in 1402. Bayezid had a battle against Timur, and Bayezid was defeated. The decisive cause of the defeat is that the soldiers, who were conscripted in Anatolia, left the battlefield. When the Anatolia soldiers discovered the flag of their former leader in the Timur Empire military, they flew to Timur and
left the battlefield. Because of this, the Ottoman army was destroyed and the Ottoman army was defeated in the war. Bayezid became the captive of Timur, and Timur wins the battle and disintegrates Ottoman rule over Anatolian.
Timur resurrected the principalities of Anatolian. The Karamanoğulları, Menteşeoğulları, Germiyanoğulları, Hamidoğulları and Saruhanoğulları are rebuilt. Gentiles acknowledged Timur s rule and presented preliminary favors and presentations. Timur dispatched ambassadors to various countries, and the ambassadors
of various countries celebrating the victory of Timur came to the military. The sons of Bayezid also confer to Timur and accept his order. Timur crosses the Anatolia, establishes his dominance and returns to Samarkand.
The Battle of Ankara is merely a battle between Ottoman and imur Empire over the hegemony of eastern Anatolia. However, the result of the battle has had a great impact on the world history. The Ottoman Empire defeated the Ankara battle, and Baghdad was captured. For this reason, the Bayezid sons will have 10 years of
civil war in the Sultan s seat. The civil war was ended by Mehmed I.
And after 1421, when Murad II is crowned, he will be able to overthrow the main powers of the Anatolian Empire and grow into an empire. And the life of the Byzantine Empire was extended.
During his presidency, he carried out several sieges of Constantinople. However, in the battle of Ankara, Ottoman Joe
declines and civil war will take place. Because of this, t