On October 1, 1949, the formation of New China was proclaimed in Tiananmen Square, but for more than a century, the chaos of Chinese society suffered from foreign aggression and civil war remained, and the resolution of minority issues was also important assignment in the settlement of the new China. Therefore, in order to stabilize society, it was necessary to implement national policies. The most important part of the ethnic minority policy is the self-governing system of minority ethnic groups.
In order for this system to be practically practiced, an absolute ethnic zone autonomy must be given to the ethnic group in the zone, which can handle the internal affairs of the ethnic group independently. In 1947, before the establishment of New China, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was established. China, which is a multi-ethnic nation, still needs ethnic minority autonomy for the protection of minority human rights.
In terms of the number of ethnic minorities, the total population does not account for a large number, but the area of residential areas occupies more than half of the land area. Therefore, there is a high possibility that problems such as ethnic conflict and regional fragmentation are likely to occur. Therefore, equal and just minority policy and the guarantee of ethnic human rights are basic solutions to solve these problems.
Although it is perceived as natural in a society that a few should obey the majority, respect for minority groups should be given priority. Since China s ethnic minorities are very few, the majority Han Chinese have an absolute obligation to respect and protect them. Therefore, the Han and ethnic minorities should be symbiotic, and they should not be assimilated and unreasonable. In China, there are a lot of discussions about the ‘Union’ of race. However, this “Union” should be based on the respect of the nation. It is the destruction of the nation and the contempt for the chinese ethnic minorities.