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학술논문

민법 제758조의 개정에 관한 연구

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영문명
De Lege Ferenda of Section 758 of Korean Civil Code
발행기관
한국민사법학회
저자명
김천수(Kim, Cheon Soo)
간행물 정보
『민사법학』제56호, 225~274쪽, 전체 50쪽
주제분류
사회과학 > 사회과학일반
파일형태
PDF
발행일자
2011.12.31
8,800

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논문 표지

국문 초록

영문 초록

The liability ruled by Section 758 of the Korean Civil Code(hereafter “KCC ) has no less than 6 issues including the object causing the damage in the section, its conditions for the liability, the standing to be sued, the category of damage covered by the liability, the class of the victim protected by the section, the nature of the liability and so on. In this paper, the first three issues are analyzed from the viewpoint of de lege ferenda. The current Section 758 KCC reads that the object causing the damage in the section is a structure or a tree. The word “structure has the meaning of a thing made artificially. The Section 98 KCC defines the meaning of the word “thing appearing in KCC as a thing independent physically or notionally from the other one. However the Korean Supreme Court applies the Section 758 KCC even to the parts of a plot of land. The object causing the liability in the future law of the section must include the “land itself that such an attitude might be taken into consideration in de lege ferenda of the section. Moreover the “structure should be substituted with a “fixture which does not include only the artificial conditions of land but also the trees. The current Section 758 KCC stipulates that the object s conditions causing the damage should be defective in its installment or maintenance. The Korean Supreme Court understands the meaning of “defect in the installment or maintenance of the object as “lack of reasonable safety of the object caused by the breach of duty to protect reasonably a person and his or her property against danger. The international trend is to express the conditions as “lack of reasonable safety . Therefore in the future text of the Section 758 KCC the object s conditions causing the damage should be expressed as “lack of (reasonable) safety and the element of the breach of duty to protect should be take into consideration for one of defenses. The standing to be sued in the current law of Section 758 KCC is ruled in a stepwise manner. The first main defendant whom a victim should sue for the damages must be the occupier of the object. However the occupier success in showing a defense of no breach of duty to care could make him become immune from the liability for the damages. Then the victim could sue the owner of the object as a main defendant, whose liability is strict. When the nonowner occupier of the object failed to show his defense, the victim cannot sue the owner even though the nonowner occupier lacks of means to pay for damage but the owner has means to do so. The future law of the Section 758 should search for the way balancing the victim s helplessness in such a case and the severity to the owner by his or her strict liability. Such a way could be found where the nonowner occupier and the owner would be liable jointly and severally and the chance of the same defense as the nonowner occupier s one would be given even to the owner.

목차

Ⅰ. 서설
Ⅱ. 책임의 원인물에 관한 논의
Ⅲ. 책임 원인물의 상태에 관한 논의
Ⅳ. 책임의 주체에 관한 논의
Ⅴ. 결어 및 개정시안
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APA

김천수(Kim, Cheon Soo). (2011).민법 제758조의 개정에 관한 연구. 민사법학, (56), 225-274

MLA

김천수(Kim, Cheon Soo). "민법 제758조의 개정에 관한 연구." 민사법학, .56(2011): 225-274

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