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Food literacy and its relationship with food intake: a comparison between adults and older adults using 2021 Seoul Food Survey data

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Food literacy and its relationship with food intake: a comparison between adults and older adults using 2021 Seoul Food Survey data
발행기관
한국역학회
저자명
Seulgi Lee Sohyun Park Kirang Kim
간행물 정보
『Epidemiology and Health』45, 1~9쪽, 전체 9쪽
주제분류
의약학 > 면역학
파일형태
PDF
발행일자
2023.01.01
4,000

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OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to examine the differences in food literacy between adults and older adults and the association of food literacy with food group intake. METHODS: In total, 4,039 participants from the 2021 Survey for Food Consumption in Seoul were included in this study. The intake of whole grains, high-protein foods, total vegetables, vegetables excluding kimchi and pickles, fresh fruits, and milk and dairy products was assessed using a simple food frequency questionnaire. Food literacy was measured using a food literacy measurement questionnaire. RESULTS: With the exception of milk and dairy, adults had a significantly higher proportion of insufficient food intake than older adults (p<0.001). Both adults and older adults with sufficient food group consumption had higher food literacy scores. Notably, the difference in food literacy scores by level of food intake was highest for fresh fruits (p<0.001). After adjusting for confounding factors affecting food literacy scores, a higher score was associated with a lower probability of having insufficient food intake in all food groups for both adults and older adults. Specifically, those in the highest food literacy score quartile were less likely to have insufficient intake of vegetables (odds ratio [OR], 0.35; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.28 to 0.43) and fresh fruits (OR, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.43), compared to the lowest quartile. CONCLUSIONS: Improving food literacy is an important factor for promoting healthy food intake in older adults as well as adults. Therefore, it is necessary to develop intervention programs to work toward this goal.

목차

INTRODUCTION
MATERIALS AND METHODS
RESULTS
DISCUSSION
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
FUNDING
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS
ORCID
REFERENCES

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APA

Seulgi Lee,Sohyun Park,Kirang Kim. (2023).Food literacy and its relationship with food intake: a comparison between adults and older adults using 2021 Seoul Food Survey data. Epidemiology and Health, 45 (), 1-9

MLA

Seulgi Lee,Sohyun Park,Kirang Kim. "Food literacy and its relationship with food intake: a comparison between adults and older adults using 2021 Seoul Food Survey data." Epidemiology and Health, (2023): 1-9

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