A mayoral control, a new governance structure on the local education, has emerged among major cities in the United States since 1990s. In this system, mayors appoints the members of school committee and the superintendent, instead of the election by the citizens. This type of new governance started and consolidated in Boston(1992), Chicago(2002) and New York(2002). However, Detroit and Washington D.C. adopted the mayoral control on the education and returned to the traditional elected school committee. We survey the trends of the mayoral control in the United States and figure out the factors affecting the success and the failure of the new governance. The analysis will be useful to evaluate the legitimacy and the effectiveness of the local education governance in Korea and to provide implications for the discussions on the change of electoral law for superintendent.