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학술논문

공공교육의 장으로서 미술관

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영문명
Museums as the site for public education
발행기관
한국예술경영학회
저자명
김형숙(Kim Hyungsook)
간행물 정보
『예술경영연구』제1집, 62~78쪽, 전체 17쪽
주제분류
경제경영 > 경영학
파일형태
PDF
발행일자
2001.10.30
4,840

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국문 초록

영문 초록

Currently, the understanding of museums as places where artworks and heritages are stored has been challenged, and the concept of museums as institutions of public education has come to be emphasized. The perception of a museum as a public educational institution has come into being as the history of museums has developed. Education in museums has been different than education in schools. Therefore, in the West, museum education has been stressed in the sense of supporting the limitation of the school systems and satisfying the general publics cultural demands. In general, in the United States, the Department of Education has been engaged in the structure of museums as well as concentrating on public education. The purpose of this study is to investigate the current status of museum education in Korea and to pursue the direction that this movement is taking. In this study, I discuss first, the history of museum education in the West and in Korea and second, a case study of museum education in Korea My discussion will include case studies such as the Masterpieces of the Guggenheim Museum, Bauhaus Artists, and Children’s Museums in private and public museums in Korea. Since museum education originated in the Louvre Museum in 1793 in order to open its collection to the public, the British made the Museum Act in 1845 and tried to establish the identity of museums as public institutions. The Victorian & Albert Museum developed museum education programs in conjunction with universities, schools, and children’s activities. In the United States, museums came to be more of an educational institution than in Europe. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, for instance, began the education program for adults in 1872, and the Toledo Museum developed museum education programs with an emphasis on children’s programs. In the 1920s through the 1930s, a Progressive Educational Movement in the field of education influenced the museum environment as well as the school environment in the United States. Since 1970, museums considered the invisible visitors of the museums, and developed the exhibitions and programs with the communities and the marginalized public in mind. Museum education in Korea began in the museum school of the Gyeongju National Museum without any curriculum in 1954. Since then, this program opened annually with the purpose of open education for young audiences. In the 1980s, museum education further developed in Korea in the form of diverse programs of teachers’ education, children’s programs, as well as interpretive and hands-on exhibitions. In particular, this study discusses children’s museum in the Contemporary Museum of Art in Korea. Appreciation of artworks of the Museum, making art, self-evaluation of activities, and exhibition of children’s artworks are based on the interdisciplinary approach to art education in the museum. Additionally, a hands-on exhibition of the museum helps children understand the artworks with pleasure and play. The Masterpiece of Guggenheim Museum of the Hoam Museum in Korea is concentrated on art appreciation in art education. The Bauhaus Artists of this museum developed exhibitions and programs based on Discipline-Based Art Education. Art criticism, art history, aesthetics, and studio art are also practiced in this museum education. Museum education in Korea is not seriously considered among museum professionals compared to conservation, classifying, and research of collections. However, with the consideration of the significance for exhibition and education programs, museums of Korea can serve as educational institutions for the public. The notion that the public can experience the museum as a place where artworks are a part of everyday life can help to develop and improve museum education in Korea.

목차

Ⅰ. 여는 말
Ⅱ. 미술관, 박물관 교육의 역사와 이론적 전제
Ⅲ. 미술관, 박물관 교육의 특성
Ⅳ. 미술관 교육의 현황
Ⅴ. 닫는말
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Abstract

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APA

김형숙(Kim Hyungsook). (2001).공공교육의 장으로서 미술관. 예술경영연구, 1 , 62-78

MLA

김형숙(Kim Hyungsook). "공공교육의 장으로서 미술관." 예술경영연구, 1.(2001): 62-78

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