This research has its objects on finding the future direction of what the Korean society must pursue, which has lost the power to resolve the causes of a variety of economic and social crisis, due to its heavy focus on defamilialization policy. For this, through the Fuzzy-set ideological analysis, we drew trends per nation, and compared total fertility rate, female economic activity participation rate, and child poverty rate in our focus on two policies: defamilialization and degenderization.
As the analysis result, the work-family reconciliation policy of the OECD nations was categorized into five ideal types: parallel defamilialization and degenderization, focused defamilialization, focused degenderization, undeveloped, and combination. As a comparison result of these categories of economic and social performances, the nations with developed policies for defamilialization and degenderization had better performances in the aspect of total fertility rate, female economic activity participation rate, and child poverty rate.
The above result suggests the need for the pursuit of a policy that emphasizes both defamilialization and degenderization in the work-family reconciliation policy. This is because when both defamilialization and degenderization are focused simultaneously, the work-family reconciliation policy resolves the reinforcement mechanism of gendered division of labour contained in the work-family reconciliation policy, as well as improves the possibility of prevention of doubled burden on female. This implies the need for Korea, who emphasized its focus on defamilialization, to seek a new policy focusing on degenderization. Through this, we expect the female rights to be improved, as well as resolve the risks of alternative society threatening the Korean society.