Pansori has aesthetic characteristics of ‘moving people to tears and moving people to laughter’, and this can be explained by the repetition and replacement of pathos and humor. Pathos and humor belong to aesthetic categories that cannot exist together and if they coexist, the aesthetic sensibility of each is revealed as it is, and this is similar to the aesthetic consciousness that is realized through coexistence of fear and laughter that the grotesque possesses. However, there are clear differences between the aesthetic concept of grotesque which the transmitted pansori has and that of grotesque which the transmission-lost pansori has.
The grotesque of the transmitted pansori is used for realizing the cannibalistic world based on humorous world view of the people. In other words, this aesthetic concept, which can be called grotesque realism, attacks, belittles, and nullifies the view of value and ideology of the existing society and social contradictions and conflicts. The cannibalistic space makes the abstract and problematic ideologies that are deviated from the flesh and the earth be restored to the flesh and the earth. Accordingly, the transmitted pansori has the cannibalistic ending and the grotesque appeared therein provides the opportunity to prepare for a new world order, and obtains the regenerative meaning.
However, the grotesque that appears in the transmission-lost pansori is different. The narration of the transmission-lost pansori, which the negative features of characters develop, contains grotesque images in itself, and at the same time, it also contains the conflicts, which cannot be solved fundamentally, that the grotesque has. The grotesque aesthetics of the transmission-lost pansori is the object to be overcome itself. In other words, the absurdity and estrangement and the problems and conflicts themselves that are revealed through this become the objects to be attacked by the grotesque. Particularly, the flesh that appears in the transmission-lost pansori is all negative. They are either ill or greatly hurt, or reveal extremely abnormal features. The meaning that such images arouse can be explained as the fact that they do not conceal the contradictions and conflicts of society at that time and depict them in new ways called grotesque.