This writing is an attempt to examine the logic behind artificial evolution in the early writing of Lee Kwang-su. According to his account, human civilization is the result of artificial evolution. By defining human personality as abilities of artificial evolution, he tried to change the way of basic understanding human being. He presented in the existence which comes true the essence of the human being which is such the civilized person. At logic of his artificial evolution, the problem of civilization was converted with creation of individual all who have the desire toward civilization. He looked at the situation and position of korean society from the viewpoint of world history and admitted the differential temporality which is dividing between korean society and western civilization. The Lee’s ideas of artificial evolution serves as alternative way to jump over the differential temporality. In the early writing, the methods of the artificial evolution are reform of education system, reading literature and revolution. Through this method, Lee tried to prepare ‘Civilized people’ and ‘shared commitment to social values’ that are practical foundation of artificial evolution.