Since China adopted its reform and open-door policy in earnest in the 1980’s and in particular, since it launched its diplomatic relations with Korea in 1992, its Chinese-Korean community has faced a dilemma between development and dissolutions Many Chinese-Koreans left their rural villages to move to Beijing and the Southeastern littoral zones With the “Korean dream” spreading in their community, about 300,000 Chinese-Koreans currently live in Koreas With those living in Japan (80,000), Russia (50,000) and those in the United States, Europe, Southeast Asia, the Middle East and Australia combined, over 500,000 Chinese-Koreans live overseass Today, Chinese-Koreans are considered a global people living and working all over the world. In contrast, their Chinese rural area has increasingly faced significant challenges such as the dissolution of their village community, their “cultural territory” they have developed generation after generation, the shutdown of local schools due to the lack of school-age children and the dramatic decrease of fertile women.
The objective of this paper is to suggest the cultural industry as a solution for the development of Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture which is facing a crisis in the context of the dramatic transition from rural society→industrial society→information society→green culture economy society in only 20 years. In Chapter 2, the Chinese-Korean community’s cultural industry is discussed based on the paper related to the cultural industry from the “Academic Symposiums and Workshops” which have been led by the Korean Cultural Institute at Minzu University of China since 1994. What is noticeable was that the Chinese-Korean community’s scholars, political leaders, scientists and distinguished business leaders have participated in these meetings to discuss how to overcome the challenges faced by their community and how to ensure sustainable development. Chapter 3, “The Development Strategy and the Cultural Industry for Glocal Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture,” suggests two discussion subjects for the Yanbian Chinese-Korean community (encompassing its government, academia and business milieu): first, training professionals specializing in the performance industry and cultural content and second, collecting and digitizing cultural resources as well as creating an electrical culture map.
Yanbian, located in the outskirts of Northeastern China, is sharing its borders with North Korea and Russia. Ships regularly go from there to Korea and Japan via Russian and North Korean ports. In short, Yanbian is located at the center of the so-called “Northeast Asia’s golden triangle.” As the Chinese government started its Tuman River Development Project in earnest in 2009 and as the historical and cultural resources of Chinese-Korean and Manchurian people and ecocultural tourism focused on the beautiful sceneries of Baekdu Mountain and Tuman River are considered important, Yanbian is drawing attention in this era of Northeast Asia. It is thus time for the government of Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Yanbian University, local artists, business leaders and the local media including the region’s publishing company, newspaper and television to cooperate with each other to preserve the beautiful ecological environment of Baekdu Mountain and Tuman River and to use Chinese-Korean people’s proud historical and cultural resources as well as rich folk cultural heritage to transform this region into “Glocal Yanbian,” the center of tourism and culture in Northeast Asia. In this context, Yanbian needs to fully utilize its global Korean network composed of Chinese-Koreans living in China, Koreans in Korea and Korean people living in the entire world, in order to train professionals specializing in cultural contents and to collect and make use of cultural resources.