It is required to examine and analyze in detail the reality of modern culture which we are facing now. If there are wrong factors, should not hesitate to correct them. Otherwise we face the misfortune of whole destruction followed. All over the world, the newly composed modern culture suffocate the traditional culture. Material culture threatens mental culture; material value dominates over mental value. Culture philosophy of Thomas Aquinas will play outstanding role to solve such problems.
His culture philosophy provided united, comprehensive, organized structure against Church Doctors' biased understanding to ancient culture. It can be said that he provided , in other words to one culture.
His culture philosophy didn't remain in limited phenomena but focused on pursuit of infinite absolute value.
To examine his ground of culture is meaningful and important. 3 main grounds are metaphysical, psychological and ethical foundation.
Aquinas played decisive role to form metaphysical foundation to culture. He reviewed and researched deeply Aristotle's metaphysics. Aristotle dealt with supernatural things; Aquinas used this speculative theology dealing with super naturalness as to his concrete foundation.
Secondly, psychological foundation; Aquinas recognized Aristotle's philosophy; he made a profound study then introduced it to the world. And he made it as his free model in his scholarly activities. Aristotle's psychology played decisive role to form Aquinas' culture philosophy. Above all, Aquinas' definition to should, he followed Aristotle's definition that is 'soul is natural body reality (l'entelechia)' which makes earthly life possible.
Finally, ethical foundation with religious basis is also an important foundation for Aquinas' culture philosophy. When we are to realize whole part not partial beyond over ethical, religious, social value of culture, it means that there are core direction and entire foundation in it for culture formation. Aquinas' ethics not only historical aspect but all aspects imply special meaning. Aquinas contemporaries emphasized his ethical works are more important pieces than others. Aquinas' culture philosophy is not just a scholarly result of a certain field. It is his perfect whole idea on the ground of metaphysical value, religious value, ethical value, social value and even esthetic value. So his culture philosophy can be placed on top of all scholarly works on earth. His culture philosophy made great influence on later generations, especially on modern culture of humanism. Although preponderate value is persisted in modern materialized culture, but the value of Aquinas culture philosophy won't be reduced and will remain in history.