Priest formation process has an object to lead the future priest to transform to Christ features answering to the world necessity. It is as a part of education, and this is the core of the Seminary, which is the heart of faith community. Seminary as an educational community charges two formation functions. One is to mature and accelerate Vocation; the other is to confirm Vocation through discernment. Discernment takes major role in all formation process.
The individuality who felt God's calling becomes the subject of formation's goal and process. During the formation, human education forms fundamental ground for maturity of Holy calling. In this view, future priest ought to be formatted to show good character, emotionally stable and matured, friendly, and self-control as a human.
In this study, during the formation in the boundary of human education, examines the Church research papers related to practical discernment to find out how to apply, and what kind of purpose and criteria they have. It starts from the discernment goal and conditions then move to seminarian's aim or motivation, human nature, temperament those marks are closely related to human education goal.
The purpose to be a priest and the motivation reveal the mark of Vocation. To mature this Vocation means that he takes the virtue of priesthood as to his important virtue, then to be changed. The value which seems to be important to him drives his personality. To understand how the acting motivation shows the Vocation mark is important. If seminarian shows definite value of Vocation he feels free mentally, if not the Vocation might be driven from compensation desire and emotional necessity. Through examining free will, emotional maturity and longing for priesthood, should remember there still lays the motivations to be purified. Through the education, seminarian formators are to realize the Vocation and to accompany with seminarian until the final decision to follow Christ.
Most of all, through discernment, focus on God's will and act in the Holy Spirit existence and faith. The key to know that is real God's calling or not comes from the interpretation of which sees and conforms the accident and circumstances of people in the light of Gospel. To realize the circumstances and related peopled with the light of Gospel is the mark.
Discernment requires techniques and capabilities to interpret the marks in whole aspect, because this discernment is made by human formator. Discernment requires educational sensibility to understand one human being deeply and specifically. Focus on each person's level of maturity or period of development. Gradual discernment process should give them the firm belief and assurance that discernment will be developed in education reliability and the unity of distinction. The discernment is to be examined in view of educational necessity, physical health, mental balance and stability, emotional and sexual maturity and desirable and also not desirable aspects.
What are the criteria of general standard for discernment? How these criteria apply to formation process? Concrete examination is made not just positive or negative dimension. If absolute negative marks are found in formation, it means that the first step of discernment has started. In this step, try to search whether there lays abundant resources to overcome them beyond personal deficiency over negative marks. Discernment should be made in combining both the reality of Vacation and whole dimension of individuality. It is related to the judgment whether the seminarian who shows negative marks possesses hopeful attitude or holding the possibility to lead future priesthood. If there are confidences and reliabilities for concrete Vocation, then acknowledge objective factors for Vocation development. Above all, discernment applies to make a certain decision.
Before enter to the Seminary, the purpose of discernment was to define the aptitude of basic natural disposition for for