AKP, which came to power in 2002, has given attention to the development of human rights and fundamental freedoms of minorities in Turkey with a desire to be a member of the European Union. AKP is interested in the achieving modern standards in each social area and developing fundamental rights and freedom. With hope of becoming a leading country of the region, Turkey has endeavored to achieve their goals in the economy, human rights, culture, and welfare. Meanwhile, AKP has initiated some efforts and programs to allow more fundamental freedom to Kurds and Alevis who are minority in Turkey. AKP, which seized power with 46.58% votes in the general election of 2007, started democratic initiatives(Açılım) under the slogan of "National Unity and Brotherhood" to bring innovation to the Turkish society. In this research, the project and implementation that AKP attempted to apply will be discussed. In this research, the second chapter will examine Turkey's social structure and the third chapter will investigate the identity and character of the AKP as well as democratic initiatives for Kurds and Alevis. Consequently, the merits and demerits of the democratic initiatives(Açılım) will be identified.