Purpose: Growing urban poverty and an increasing number of climate change disasters connected with rapid urbanization have created the need for global strategic readjustment. To reflect this trend, SDGs involve urban strategies to create cities that are inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable human settlements. The purpose of this thesis is to compare and analyze how KOICA s ODA projects, for economic growth and improving social welfare in developing countries, cope with urbanization changes and urban problems.
Originality: This results call for a change in KOICA s urban projects from the combined perspective of urban development and ODA, owing to the rapid urbanization in developing countries. It also presents policy implications for the direction of support for grant projects based on empirical data on SDGs’ involvement of urban strategy.
Methodology: The method of analysis is comparison of urban and rural poverty ratios at the national poverty line, and of the urban slum population ratios for seven selected countries. The sample projects considered in the analysis are KOICA urban development grant project over the five years from 2009 to 2013 years.
Result: The findings shows that over the study’s five year period, the urban slum ratio in all of the seven countries analyzed was higher than the urban project budget ratio. In particular, there were no direct urban projects in Bangladesh, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The results show that the KOICA projects are not sufficient to support rapidly urbanizing developing countries.
Conclusion and Implication: It is time to convert the recolonization on urban poverty issues and establish strategy for urban development projects to overcome the urban problems being confronted and to reduce urban poverty. In terms of these integrated thoughts about development, cooperation and urban issues are able to play an essential part in changing the urbanization paradigm.