Hebrew maps are an integral part of Jewish culture. A considerable number of prominent Holy Land map collections have come into being during recent years and the many attractive books published confirm the lively interest in this subject. Hebrew maps as we understand them today were not made as there was no demand for them and thus Hebrew cartography was a comparatively late development. During the Middle Ages, there were no Jewish cartographers drawing maps of the Holy Land like their Christian counterparts as they were still only concerned with the geography of the Talmud and their commentaries.
Rabbinical scholars with no knowledge of geography made the first Hebrew maps that we know of. Very few of them had visited the Holy Land. They only studied the Hebrew Scripture(i.e. Old Testament) and its commentaries. Their knowledge of Holy Land geography was the geography of the Bible. In other word, Hebrew maps prepared on the basis of Biblical geography were drawing in order to illustrate the Holy Land to help Jewish better understand the study of the Hebrew Scripture and its Rabbinic commentaries. These maps were simple drawings made out of lines or dots describing individual places in context with events reported in the Texts.
This work should give a basis for being able to comprehend Hebrew maps. And I will show, through different Hebrew maps, from a primitive drawing maps of broken and unbroken lines without geographical precision to map-like maps first made during the seventeenth century that copied the work of Christian cartographers, the historical process in the Land of the Bible and its commentaries. We will see how the Jewish texts influenced the concept of the map of the Holy Land, and to show how evolution developed, too.