The main issue in Benn's early poetry is death with which he has been faced innumerably in clinical training, Morgue, and a cancer ward. Nihility, despair, collapse, and corruption with which the moderners are confronted and result in death are also the main constitution elements of Benn's poetry. Behind the provocative illusions of the early poetry that deals with death, desperate and religious questions about the meaning of life with screaming cynicism, and christian idealismic promise and consolation, that are demonstrated as unreasonable things for facing the horrible death, are always being presented. In this paper, we specifically investigated how the actual circumstances of dead man and dying man are being depicted by selecting most well-known three poemsr, Kleine Aster, Schöne Jugend, and Mann und Frau gehn durch die Krebsbaracke among through-written poems of Morgue und andere Gedichte.
The provocative character of the above poems is in the destruction of a traditional notion about man. To Benn, man is neither the lord of all creation nor the winner of struggle for existence. Man is no more than a groaning being, clod of fat and rotten body fluid, and devalued as chance availability or practicality of body part. "Drowned beer deliveryman", as an anatomy, "is put on the table" and his thorax is used as a flpwer vase for small aster flowers. Little mice is raised on the liver and kidney from maiden corpse that has been lying on a field of reeds for a long time. Benn's three poems are completely breaking the illusions for the self-consciousness, superiority, and greatness of human being. In these poems, man is just a part of nature that obeys the circular law of creation and extinction, and even inferior being to littel aster flowers, nest of mice, and soil. We can't find the features of living thing any more especially in the following quotation from Mann und Frau gehn durch die Krebsbaracke: "Come and quietly reveal this sheet./ Look, this clod of fat and rotten body fluid". In this part, however, Benn metaphorically topicalized the idea of his poems. It is by lifting up the sheet which conceals the horrible realities that he intends to reveal the desperate phases of those times which is wrapped up by a plausible ideology and studded by chaos and collapse before the First World War.
The other provocative factor of Benn's peotry is that there is no compassion for human beings. Instead of sympathy for the dead bodies and patients, there is only shock for the realities of human beings that is visualized through disease and death.